Introduction to Noni Juice
Noni fruit is 12 cm long and outer body is ovoid and lumpy. The color of the unripe fruit is green. The ripe fruit has a strong acidic smell. The ripe fruit pulp is juicy but bitter in taste. In the ripe fruit, the color of the pulp is light dull yellowish white and it is gelatinous in nature. The fruit contains four seeds and it is covered with golden brown pits.
Traditional Use of NoniNoni plant is widely available in Andaman and Nicobar islands. The juice of the leaf helps to promote blood clotting, when applied on cuts and wounds for 3-4 days. People of Lakshadweep eat the seeds of the noni fruit once a year as they believe it helps to promote health. Noni also plays the role of an effective insecticide in Philippines and Hawaii. Traditionally, noni plant played a key role in the health of Polynesians. Noni fruit is used as food, drink, medicine, dyes and for cosmetics.
Nutritional Value of NoniNoni fruit comprises 90% of water and various types of soluble solids, dietary fibers and proteins. The fruit has high protein content (11.3%) and it also has certain essential amino acids including aspartic acid, glutamic acid and isoleucine. Minerals present in the noni fruit are potassium, sulfur, calcium, phosphorus and traces of selenium. Ascorbic acid and provitamin A are primarily available in the noni fruit juice. Noni fruit also contains approximately 160 phytochemical compounds and more than 120 nutraceutical (a part of food which provides medicinal or health benefits) compounds.
Health Benefits of Noni JuiceNoni fruit is popular for its wide range of health benefits. Twelve amazing health benefits of noni juice are given below:
1. Helps in Weight Loss: Daily intake of noni juice helps with weight loss. Drinking noni juice increases the energy level of an individual due to its antioxidant property. It enhances the metabolism in the body, and thereby, takes up energy from the fat cells of the body. The stored fat is burnt and provides energy to the body, which results in weight loss.
2. Liver Protection: Noni fruit juice is found to be effective in protecting the liver against toxic substances. Studies reported that hepatoprotective property of noni juice helps to protect liver from the exposure of various harsh chemicals and thereby, prevents liver damage.
3. Fights Fatigue: In olden days noni fruit was consumed by Polynesians to fight fatigue. Various studies have revealed that drinking noni juice can help to improve physical activities and energy levels which helps to combat fatigue. This occurs primarily due to the fruit's natural antioxidant properties which protect the cells from oxidative damage.
4. Constipation Remedy: Normally, constipation occurs due to lack of enough fiber in the food. Noni contains a compound called anthraquinones which can stimulate the bowel movement. This results in cleansing the colon and eases constipation.
5. Treats Arthritis: Arthritis is the inflammation of joints which is responsible for joint pain. The healing power of noni juice is beneficial for the treatment of many inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. Studies have also shown that noni has analgesic property which helps to relieve the pain caused due to arthritis.
7. Boosts Immunity: Active compounds present in noni juice help to strengthen the immune system. Earlier, the noni fruit and leaves were used for the treatment of infections. Noni has phenolic compounds which have antibacterial properties and thus it can fight against bacterial infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and many other microorganisms. Noni fruit also has antifungal and antiviral properties, which act against various viral and fungal infections.
8. Relieves Muscle Spasm: Noni helps to get relief from muscle spasm. Noni contains high content of K+ ions, which induce muscle contractions. and this stimulates the blockage of calcium channel resulting in suppressing the muscle spasms. Finally, it helps to relieve the pain and discomfort in the muscle.
10. Protects Heart: Noni has the potential to prevent thickening and hardening of the artery walls, and thus, plays a crucial role in heart health. It also helps to lower the blood pressure and maintains a healthy heart.
11. Healing of Wounds : Noni juice speeds up the recovery of wound healing process. Various studies have reported that noni juice has wound curing properties associated with the functioning of collagen, hydroxyproline and protein content. High blood sugar level is connected with poor wound healing process. Noni fruit reduces blood sugar level, hence it helps to heal wounds in diabetic people.
How to Prepare Noni JuiceNoni fruit is processed into noni juice in two ways: Traditional and Non-traditional. Drip-extraction and fermentation or aging process is used in the traditional method. However, the non-traditional method includes a pressing or squeezing technique to extract the juice from ripened fruits.
- Harvested noni fruits are collected washed and air dried.
- Place them in a glass, steel or food grade plastic vessel for 2 to 4 months
- Initial color of the extract is golden or amber which darkens slowly with the time. The extract is collected after the fermentation process. During this process, the extract should not come into the contact with air.
- At the final stage noni extract is decanted, filtered and stored in containers.
- In this method fruits are squeezed with hands through a cheese cloth, a paint strainer or using simple fruit pressing device. The pulp and seeds are separated.
- Now the golden color fruit extract is collected and stored in closed vessels in a refrigerator. Pasteurization is also used to store the fruit extract.