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Asthma - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Asthma
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Overview
  • It is a chronic lung disease
  • It creates narrowing of air passages of the lung
  • Produces difficulty in breathing.

Symptoms

  • Wheezing
  • Cough and cold
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Sticky mucus
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Breathlessness
Causes
  • Hereditary factors
  • Environmental factors like dust, mite, pollen
  • Occupational exposure to irritants
  • Dietary Changes
  • Lack of exercise
Asthma Triggering Factors
  • Colds and viruses
  • Irritants like Cigarette smoke, scent, pollution
  • Cold air or change in weather
  • Physical exertion
  • Allergens like dust, mite, pollen, furs
  • Some medications
  • Infections
  • Stress

Allergens

Myths about asthma
  • It is contagious
  • It cannot be controlled
  • Asthma medicines are addictive
Management of Asthma
  • Asthma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled
  • Keep the house clean
  • Use hardwood floors or tile
  • Avoid carpets in house
  • Avoid pets with fur or feathers
  • Use clean bed sheets & pillow covers
  • Use bed made of synthetic materials
  • Use air conditioner
  • Maintain low humidity at home
Treatment
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs include:
    a. Steroid Inhalers
    b. Sodium Chromoglycate
    Inhalers / Capsules
  • Treatment Bronchodilators
  • Common bronchodilators include:
    a. Salbutamol Inhalers
    b. Terbutaline Tabs
  • Consult your Pulmonologist

Asthma

Famous sports person with asthma
 
  • Ian Botham (Cricketer)
  • Jackie Joyner Kersee (Athlete)
  • Mark Spitz (Swimmer)
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