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Asthma - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Asthma
Overview
  • It is a chronic lung disease
  • It creates narrowing of air passages of the lung
  • Produces difficulty in breathing. 

Symptoms

  • Wheezing
  • Cough and cold
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Sticky mucus
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Breathlessness
Causes
  • Hereditary factors
  • Environmental factors like dust, mite, pollen
  • Occupational exposure to irritants
  • Dietary Changes
  • Lack of exercise 
Asthma Triggering Factors 
  • Colds and viruses
  • Irritants like Cigarette smoke, scent, pollution 
  • Cold air or change in weather
  • Physical exertion 
  • Allergens like dust, mite, pollen, furs
  • Some medications
  • Infections
  • Stress

Allergens

Myths about asthma
  • It is contagious
  • It cannot be controlled
  • Asthma medicines are addictive
Management of Asthma
  • Asthma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled
  • Keep the house clean 
  • Use hardwood floors or tile 
  • Avoid carpets in house
  • Avoid pets with fur or feathers 
  • Use clean bed sheets & pillow covers 
  • Use bed made of synthetic materials 
  • Use air conditioner 
  • Maintain low humidity at home 
Treatment
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs include:
    a. Steroid Inhalers
    b. Sodium Chromoglycate 
    Inhalers / Capsules
  • Treatment – Bronchodilators
  • Common bronchodilators include:
    a. Salbutamol Inhalers
    b. Terbutaline Tabs
  • Consult your Pulmonologist

Asthma

Famous sports person with asthma
 
  • Ian Botham (Cricketer)
  • Jackie Joyner Kersee (Athlete)
  • Mark Spitz (Swimmer)

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Asthmahealing
Significant symptoms of asthma disorder have been described in this webpage. While visiting this site people can get all the necessary information about asthma triggering factors, myths about this disorder and kinds of treatments for this illness.
Asthmahealing  Friday, June 01, 2012
sarathy37
sir/madam,
in this section please provide what a person should do in an emergency. if in travel and person forgot his medicines what should be done. other medicines are doctor prescribed and emergency/first aid is when these are not available.
sarathy37  Thursday, May 03, 2012

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